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What to Do for a Swollen Knee

what to do for a swollen knee

This article by fivalifitness outlines treatment options for knee swelling, as well as prevention strategies such as maintaining a healthy weight and using proper form in exercise. The article concludes by emphasizing the importance of seeking medical care for early detection and effective management if symptoms of knee swelling develop.

Causes of Swollen Knee

Swollen knees can have a variety of causes, including:

  • Injury: A knee injury, such as a sprain, strain, or torn ligament, can cause swelling.
  • Arthritis: Arthritis is a common cause of swollen knees, particularly osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis.
  • Bursitis: Bursitis occurs when small fluid-filled sacs in the knee become inflamed.
  • Gout: Gout is a type of arthritis caused by a buildup of uric acid crystals in the joint.
  • Tendonitis: Tendonitis occurs when the tendons around the knee become inflamed.
  • Baker’s cyst: A Baker’s cyst is a fluid-filled sac that develops behind the knee, often associated with underlying knee disease.
  • Obesity: Excess body weight puts added pressure on the knees, causing inflammation and swelling.
  • Infections: In rare cases, an infection in the knee joint can cause swelling.
  • Blood clots: Blood clots in the deep veins of the legs can cause swelling in the knee.
  • Overuse: Repetitive or excessive use of the knee joint can also cause swelling.

Managing a Swollen Knee

The management of knee swelling usually involves a combination of home remedies and medical treatment. The following are some ways to deal with swollen knees:

  • Rest: Avoid putting weight on the affected knee and rest as much as possible.
  • Ice: Apply an ice pack or cold compress to the knee for 15-20 minutes at a time, several times a day. This will help reduce swelling and relieve pain.
  • Elevation: Elevate the leg with the swollen knee above heart level to help reduce swelling.
  • Compression: Use a compression bandage or elastic knee sleeve to help reduce the swelling in the knee.
  • Medications: Over-the-counter nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), such as ibuprofen, help relieve the pain and inflammation associated with knee swelling. Topical creams and ointments may also be effective.
  • Physical therapy: A physical therapist can provide exercises and stretches to help improve mobility and reduce pain and swelling.
  • Surgery: In severe cases, it may be necessary to have surgery to repair a torn ligament or remove damaged tissue.

If you have a swollen knee, it is important to rest and avoid activities that aggravate the condition. If the swelling persists, consult a medical professional for an evaluation and treatment plan.

Preventative Measures

To help reduce the risk of developing swollen knees, there are several preventive measures. Here are some tips:

  • Maintain a healthy weight: Too much weight can increase pressure on the knee joint, leading to inflammation and swelling. Maintaining a healthy weight can help prevent this condition.
  • Wear the right footwear: Wearing shoes with good support and good cushioning can help reduce the stress on the knee joint.
  • Use proper form during exercise: Use proper form and technique when exercising or participating in sports to prevent unnecessary stress on the knee.
  • Stretch regularly: Stretching regularly helps to improve knee flexibility and range of motion, reducing the risk of injury.
  • Take breaks: If your job involves standing or sitting for long periods of time, take regular breaks, stretch, and move around.
  • Use knee pads: Support Knee pads can help protect your knee joint from impact during activities such as gardening or cleaning.
  • Avoid overuse: Repetitive use or overuse of the knee joint can also lead to swelling. Avoid activities that put excessive stress on the knee joint.


How to treat a swollen knee| A Episode 117 – YouTube

How to Care for a Swollen Knee – Arthritis-health

Emily Brook

Emily Brook

Hi, I'm Emily, a Health and Fitness Specialist with FivaliFitness. With years of experience in the fitness industry as a certified personal trainer, I am passionate about helping individuals achieve their health and fitness goals.

Whether you're new to fitness or an experienced athlete, our products and resources are designed to support and enhance your fitness journey. So, if you have any questions, don't hesitate to reach out to me at any time!

The information provided in articles written by Fivali is intended for educational and reference purposes only. The content on this website ( is not intended to diagnose, treat, cure, or prevent any disease. We do not recommend self-diagnosis or self-treatment based on the information provided in our articles. Always consult a qualified healthcare professional if you have any concerns about your health or well-being.
If you are experiencing any symptoms or discomfort, we strongly encourage you to seek medical attention from a qualified healthcare professional. Only a licensed healthcare practitioner can provide an accurate diagnosis and appropriate treatment plan tailored to your individual needs.

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