A common condition known as "water on the knee," or "knee effusion," is brought on by an accumulation of extra fluid in or around the knee joint. This may result in pain and swelling, making it challenging to move the afflicted knee. Part of the fluid buildup can be drained to relieve the pain and stiffness associated with the swelling. Once the root cause has been determined, appropriate treatment strategies can be implemented to address the problem.
Knee effusion symptoms can vary depending on the underlying cause and severity of the condition. Among the most typical symptoms are:
- Swelling: Noticable swelling surrounding the knee can be caused by extra fluid building up in the knee joint or surrounding tissues.
- Knee pain or discomfort: When walking or bearing weight, knee effusion can aggravate existing knee pain or discomfort.
- Stiffness: The accumulation of extra fluid may cause the knee joint to feel stiff or difficult to move.
- Redness or warmth: The skin surrounding the knee may turn red or feel warm to the touch due to inflammation brought on by a knee effusion.
Causes of Water on the Knee
Fluid buildup in the knee joint can result from trauma to the joint, including sprains, strains, and fractures. Running or kneeling are examples of repetitive motions that put an excessive amount of strain on the knee joint, which can result in fluid buildup and inflammation.
Diseases and conditions
- Arthritis: Inflammation in the knee joint can result in water on the knee due to chronic inflammatory conditions such as osteoarthritis or rheumatoid arthritis.
- Gout: A metabolic disease that results in the accumulation of uric acid in the body, gout can also cause water to accumulate on the knee.
- Popliteal cyst: A fluid-filled sac that develops behind the knee is referred to as a Baker's cyst. As the cyst gets bigger, pressure from the growing cyst may press on nearby tissues and structures in the knee joint, resulting in pain and swelling.
- Infections: Joint infections caused by bacteria, viruses, or fungi can result in knee effusion and may need to be treated right away.
How can I prevent knee effusion?
The best defense against knee effusion is to minimize knee strain and injury, adopt a healthy diet, avoid metabolic syndrome, maintain a healthy weight, and lessen the strain on the knee joint. Here are some pointers:
- When playing sports, wear protective braces like knee pads or knee braces for runners.
- When you're outside, steer clear of falls and car crashes.
- While climbing a mountain, take breaks and divide the distances fairly.
- Maintain a healthy weight to prevent overindulging.
Make sure to take regular breaks from activities that involve repetitive knee movements, like squatting or kneeling, to prevent overstressing your knees.
What are the causes of swelling in knees? - Dr.Nagesh HS
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